Friday, November 6, 2009

Installing Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala (on the Desktop)

After installing Ubuntu 9.10, codename Karmic Koala, in my laptop it's time for the desktop.

I'm also doing a clean install because I want to use ext4 as my filesystem and I'm gonna lose the Windows partitions. Yes, 100% Ubuntu.

It's possible to convert ext3 to ext4, but I prefer a clean install.

I will be the using the 32 bit desktop cd (ubuntu-9.10-desktop-i386.iso).

Before you start


  • Backup your data
  • Make a list of software you want to recover after the clean install and all the preferences/options you use. This will make you post install easier and you can start working faster.
  • Make a list of the extra Software Sources you use
  • Check the Release Notes
  • Download Ubuntu
  • Check the file hash (example: md5sum ubuntu-9.10-desktop-i386.iso) and compare it to UbuntuHashes
  • Burn a cd (you can use Brasero, for example, if you already use Ubuntu)


Running the live cd
  • Boot from the cd.
  • After booting it's important to check the integrity of the cd. Burning cds also fails.

Hardware to check (during the live cd session)
  • Graphics (bad resolution, but the proprietarie drivers aren't installed)
  • Sound (check)
  • Cable network (check)
  • Wireless network (not tested)

Hard Drive Partition Layout

I will keep my storage area as an ext3 filesystem.

/dev/sda
/dev/sda1 ext4 / 15360 MB -- primary
/dev/sda5 ext4 /home 20480 MB -- extended
/dev/sda6 swap 2048 MB -- extended
/dev/sda7 ext3 /storage/pool 40960 MB -- extended

Post-install: Wired Network

I had to manually configure my IP because I don't have DHCP activated in my router.

Internet is on!

Post-install: Graphics Card

I had a warning about an available proprietary driver. Just had to activate it. Ubuntu downloaded and installed the driver. Pretty simple.

Restart needed. After rebooting my screen resolution was perfect.

Post-install: Updates

Update Manager warned me about 36 available updates. Just letting it go...

Post-install: File System

Besides the / and /home partitions, only root have permissions to write in every other partitions. In my case /storage.

So, we have to add permissions to our user:

$ sudo chown -R youruser:youruser /storage
$ sudo chmod -R 755 /storage

Click here for more info.

I also have more disks/partition on my system that weren't formated during the install. I need to go to /etc/fstab in order to mount the partitions were I want.
  • Find out the UUID (Unique unit ID) of the device
$ sudo vol_id -u /dev/sda2
  • Create a folder for your new mount point
$ sudo mkdir /storage
  • Open /etc/fstab
$ sudo gedit /etc/fstab
  • Add the mount point
UUID=ad02cb4e-f9cf-491a-b661-d96ed2c456be /storage ext3 relatime 0 2

Post-install: Multimedia

References: Complete Streaming, Multimedia & Video How-to and Medibuntu
  • Adding Medibuntu Repositories
$ sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/hardy.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
$ wget -q http://packages.medibuntu.org/medibuntu-key.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add - && sudo apt-get update
  • Flash (Firefox installed flash, so I skipped this one)
$ sudo apt-get purge flashplugin-nonfree && \
sudo mkdir /usr/lib/flashplugin-nonfree && \
sudo cp -f ~/Desktop/libflashplayer.so \
/usr/lib/flashplugin-nonfree/ && \
sudo nspluginwrapper -i \
/usr/lib/flashplugin-nonfree/libflashplayer.so && \
sudo ln -sf /usr/lib/nspluginwrapper/plugins/npwrapper.libflashplayer.so \
/etc/alternatives/firefox-flashplugin && \
sudo ln -sf /etc/alternatives/firefox-flashplugin \
/usr/lib/firefox-addons/plugins/flashplayer-alternative.so && \
sudo rm -f /usr/lib/firefox/plugins/npwrapper.libflashplayer.so
  • Codecs and plugins (it will take quite some time)
$ sudo apt-get remove gnash gnash-common libflash-mozplugin \
libflashsupport mozilla-plugin-gnash swfdec-mozilla && \
sudo apt-get install alsa-oss faac faad flashplugin-nonfree \
gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad \
gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly \
gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse ia32-libs icedtea-gcjwebplugin \
liblame0 non-free-codecs openjdk-6-jre unrar
  • Audio and Video Streaming
$ sudo apt-get remove kaffeine-mozilla mozilla-helix-player \
mozilla-mplayer mozilla-plugin-vlc totem-mozilla xine-plugin && \
sudo apt-get install gnome-mplayer gecko-mediaplayer
  • Playing Encrypted DVDs
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 libdvdread3 libdvdnav4 build-essential debhelper fakeroot regionset
$ sudo regionset
Check the reference link, because it as many other things you’ll want.

This time I only add the Medibuntu repositorie. Ubuntu as been installing codecs on the go as I need them.

Post-install: Preferences and Look and Feel

Here's some things I changed right away:
  • 4 workspaces
  • Background
  • NTP Time Server (System > Administration > Time and Date)
    • ntp02.oal.ul.pt
    • ntp04.oal.ul.pt
  • Weather on Clock Preferences


Post-install: SAMBA Server

  • Go to Applications > Ubuntu Software Center and install Samba.
  • Go to System > Administration > Samba to add shares and define samba users.

Also check this post.

Post-install: LAMP Server

To install Apache, MySQL and PHP, check here.

Post-install: Software Sources


deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ karmic free non-free
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/do-core/ppa/ubuntu karmic main
deb http://linux.dropbox.com/ubuntu karmic main
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jaunty non-free

Post-install: extra software

List of extra installation software installed:
  • Xmarks add-on (can’t live without it)
  • Firefox IMDB search-engine
  • GnomeDo (after adding the software source just go to Ubuntu Software Source and look for gnome do)
  • VLC
  • Dropbox (sudo apt-get install nautilus-dropbox)
  • Conky
  • Synergy
  • GVim
  • Gaupol Subtitle Editor
  • More Firefox add-ons (Portuguese Dictionary, GMail Manager)
  • Powertop (sudo apt-get install powertop)
  • Gnucash
  • Aspell pt-pt (sudo apt-get install aspell-pt-pt)
  • Gnome Partition Editor
  • NTFS support to Gnome Partition Editor (sudo apt-get install ntfsprogs)
  • Mail Notification
  • Virtualbox
  • Miro
  • GCStar
  • RAR Support (sudo apt-get install rar unrar)

Post-install: Tomboy

After installing Dropbox I synchronised my Tomboy notes. Simple, simple. I have to try the new Ubuntu One Tomboy syncing though.